The Benefits of Laser Welding

The Benefits of Laser Welding

Laser welding

When using a laser for welding, there are many benefits. It is cleaner, faster, and cheaper than traditional welding processes. Furthermore, the process allows for improved joint fit-up, since the laser beams are much thinner than electron beams. This article will explore these benefits and how to make the most of these benefits. Read on to learn more. Aside from its environmental benefits, laser welding also produces a high-quality weld.


While it is true that MIG and TIG welding have faster travel speeds, laser welding has a few advantages over each of these processes. For starters, laser welding is faster, and it has higher quality results, due to the higher energy density of the weld. Additionally, it is easier to automate, thanks to its two main welding modes: conduction and keyhole. Here, we’ll examine the benefits of each mode.

In both of these processes, a 360-watt focused laser beam heats the metal until it melts, and then solidifies. Unlike the soldering process, the finished weld takes only a few millimeters, and the operator will need gloves to protect their hands. With laser welding, you won’t have to worry about wear and tear on the welding machine, either. As a result, it is faster and more efficient than ever before.

The NIST researchers have also developed new techniques to measure laser power. They built a device that allows them to capture light bouncing off a metal sample. In doing so, they have shown that laser welding is up to 40,000 times more sensitive than other traditional methods. Laser welding has the potential to significantly reduce greenhouse-gas emissions, and is faster and cheaper than other welding techniques. However, this process is not yet widely available. Nonetheless, it is worth considering if you’re in the construction industry and need to complete a project quickly.

As for the costs, laser welding is faster and easier. Because of its low heat output, it allows you to replicate the same weld type in a consistent fashion. Because laser welding is localised, it is also contact-free, minimizing distortions to the workpiece. Its use is most common in the manufacturing of heat-sensitive components and PCBs. Innotech is happy to provide you with customized laser welding solutions to meet your production needs.


The new concept of a Cleaner Laser Welding Machine is now available for the welding industry. This machine provides cleaner welds and lowers the heat input, which results in less distortion in the final finish. It uses a high-energy laser to melt the underlying metal and evaporate lighter elements. These compounds are then removed by a gas stream. As a result, the weld seam is smooth and firm and the laser cutting process is easy and efficient.

The CO2 spray cleaning system removes unwanted metal oxide particles from the weld surface, allowing the laser to produce high-quality welds and brazed seams. In addition to being a safer alternative to chemical solvents, this method also removes sub-micron residues. Its superiority over traditional cleaning methods allows for high-value soot removal. Its effectiveness in this process has been proven in medical device manufacturing and HDD assembly systems.

As a result, clean laser welding eliminates the need for solvents or other chemical cleaning processes. This process also eliminates the risk of contamination due to organic contaminants. Hydrogen molecules trapped on the surface of the material during laser welding can reduce joint strength by up to a factor of two. Furthermore, the heat generated during laser welding can release trapped hydrogen atoms, which move inside the surface. Once released, these hydrogen bubbles can contribute to the porosity of the joint, which significantly reduces the overall strength of the joint.

The TRUMPF Cleaner Laser Welding System offers everything from a single source. With this system, components are processed selectively and can be flexibly integrated into a process chain chronology. Furthermore, the clean laser welding system only processes the part with the highest quality, meaning that the surrounding areas are spared. The Cleaner Laser Welding System has a low degree of hardness, making it ideal for the welding of difficult-to-weld metal components.


Using a laser to weld metal requires two surfaces to be held tightly together. Laser heat conduction welding works by heating the metal surface and spreading the heat to the joining surfaces. It can weld metal and non-metal together without requiring gas protection. This method requires less heat input than traditional welding techniques and can be used in high-speed processing. Cost-effective laser welding is particularly effective when processing precision parts and heat-sensitive materials.

As a result, laser welding is a sustainable option. The process does not create any waste and produces no scum or dust. Laser welding meets the requirements of sustainable development and green production. It is characterized by its narrow weld seams, high strength, small heat-affected area, and high efficiency. Due to these advantages, laser welding can be used in dissimilar materials. This process is more efficient than traditional arc welding, and has many other advantages.

Jewelry repairs are another application for laser welding. This technology is ten times stronger than traditional methods of soldering. It can even repair antique jewelry, making it more durable than ever. In addition to helping preserve the value of jewelry, laser welding helps prevent damage from tarnishing and creates a perfect finish. Whether the jewelry is a pendant, ring, or cuff, the laser will join it together to create a perfect fit.

In addition to the benefits of laser welding, there are several risks associated with using it. Its beam diameter should be 0.2-2mm, and the pulse frequency should match the thickness of the base material. High pulse frequency reduces the amount of energy delivered, which can result in poor welding efficiency. It is also important to change the waveform based on the metal used, as an inappropriate waveform can result in a loss of up to 60-98% of the laser’s energy.

Improved joint fit-up

Tolerance of a joint can be improved with the use of special features such as laser welding. For example, laser welding techniques can improve fit-up by aligning the weld pool with minimal gapping. Another benefit of laser welding is that it allows a more precise control of joint fit-up. More information on this can be found at Joining Technologies. Butt welding is typically not suitable for laser welding.

This technique involves the use of a filler metal to control the shape of the joint. In many cases, the filler metal acts as reinforcement for the joint. For example, a butt weld can be welded from one side without a chamfer on thicker pieces. Another application of laser welding is the creation of T-joints. Likewise, a lap weld can be welded along the seam without the need for a chamfer. This technique provides designers with great flexibility in the design of their parts.

A combination of TIG and laser welding methods improves the quality of welds and increases tolerance of joint fit-up. It reduces the possibility of cracking, internal porosity, and thermal distortion. It is a faster, more stable process than either method alone. In addition to increasing joint fit-up tolerance, hybrid welding also reduces the fabrication cost of large industries. Hybrid welding is particularly useful for heavy-duty industries that require precise seams.

Besides being highly effective for welds, laser welding has many advantages. A laser beam advances along the weld joint, and the keyhole moves with it. Molten metal flows around the keyhole, absorbing the laser beam almost completely. This enables the laser beam to penetrate deep into the metal. The laser light then becomes plasma, which transfers the energy into the workpiece. The laser beam produces a very strong and tight joint.

Process parameters

The power density and the beam speed are two important Laser welding process parameters. These two parameters influence the overall welding depth and width. As laser beam power increases, the welding depth will decrease. The beam speed is directly proportional to the relative distance between the workpiece and the focus plane. The relative distance is measured in millimeters. Defocus amount is different for a variety of different welding parameters. For example, under defocus amounts between -23 and -2 mm, full penetration occurred, while partial fusion was observed at two mm. The relative distance between the focus plane and the workpiece increases with a decreasing absolute value.

The welding speed, power and wire feeding speed affect tensile strength differently. While increasing laser power or wire feeding speed improves the tensile strength, reducing them reduces the tensile strength. While welding speed reduces the penetration, it increases the coupling effect. The overall welding speed contributes to the arc stability, but reduces the penetration ability. If a welding process is optimized to meet a specific application requirement, the desired end result will be a strong, high-quality joint.

The predicted weld penetration also varies. To investigate the effects of these parameters on the welding process, we studied the parameters at a central response level of 3350 W at a speed of 0.9 m/min. These results were compared with actual standards to determine the weld strength at this point. The results are shown in Table 11.

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